Have you ever wondered what would happen if the Earth began to spin faster? The Earth is always in a state of relative motion in the universe when it orbits the sun and rotates on the planet’s own axis. Many natural phenomena occur due to the two forms of movement above, especially the phenomenon of Earth turning itself. From this theory, have you ever wondered what would happen if the Earth began to spin faster? Why does the Earth turn? To answer this question, we have to look back at the time when the solar system began to form. At first, the solar system consisted of only a large cloud of dust and gas. As the cloud began to sink, it flattened into a giant disk with a protruding part in the center, and from there formed the sun. When planets and celestial bodies (comets, asteroids and moons) begin to form outside the disk, and the overall angular momentum of the planet forming disk needs to be preserved. Therefore, these objects also rotate due to the general movement of the solar system. Because there is no imbalance, the inertia of the Sun and planets helps to maintain rotation for billions of years. Moreover, the planets will continue to spin for billions of years until they collide with some other objects. Consequences of the Earth turning Earth’s constant rotation speed is very useful for life. It maintains the Earth’s ambient temperature, because most of the surface is exposed to sunlight during the day for a certain period of time and then engulfed in darkness at night. The atmosphere is affected by traction toward Earth due to rotation (along with the planet’s gravity) and is maintained at an appropriate distance from the Earth’s surface. The tide, the daily rise and fall of sea level is the result of the Earth’s rotation on its own axis and the effect of gravity on both the Earth and the Moon. Rotation also deflects air and ocean currents. The Earth rotates much faster than wind or flow, leading to Coriolis force (the phenomenon of trajectory deviation caused by a kind of inertial force) deflecting and changing the wind direction, creating pressure areas High productivity and low pressure on the Earth’s surface. Chandler Wobble phenomenon (swing movement) The Chandler Wobble is the movement at the Earth’s pole at a rate of 0.7 arc seconds – the unit of measurement of an object’s angle (1 degree = 60 minutes of arc; 1 minute of arc = 60 arc seconds) for about 14 months. This phenomenon is thought to be primarily caused by the natural resonance within the Earth due to the detailed and varied Earth mass distribution on the surface, internal structure, ocean and atmosphere of planet. What happens if the Earth turns faster? – Loss of gravity Currently, if you weigh about 150 pounds (68kg) at the Arctic Circle, your weight may drop to 149 pounds (about 67.5kg) at the equator. This is because the centrifugal force is created because the equatorial region must rotate faster than the poles to reach one round of Earth. If you increase your speed, your weight will decrease. NASA expert Sten Odenwald revealed that if the equator accelerates to 17,641 miles per hour (range 28,390 km / h), centrifugal force will overcome gravity and we will almost fall into the weightless state. ! – Length of one day The rotation of our planet mainly determines the length of a day. Faster rotation speeds lead to shorter days, from which the number of days in a year will increase (as long as the Earth is still rotating at the same speed). – Much more floods If the equator increases rotation speed, the ocean water will start to accumulate. Just faster than 1.5 km / hr, the waters around the Equator will become a few centimeters deeper in a few days. Centrifugal force will pull thousands of gallons of water towards the Earth’s waist. Many low-lying regions of the world, such as New York City, Venice or Mumbai, will be completely submerged in the sea if the speed increases by a few kilometers per hour, leading to the phenomenon of millions of people migrating from their homeland. – Wind speed increases The rotation of the Earth is not the main force controlling the atmosphere: convection and wind mainly occur due to the uneven warming of the planet’s surface, but the Coriolis effect is the main factor for the the wind moved. As the speed of Earth’s rotation increases, convection rings shrink and lead to more storms and tornadoes. Conclusion Clearly, the increase in Earth’s rotation speed can have many different effects, from increasing earthquakes and tsunamis to shortening the time of day. People can float in the air in central Africa, while extreme ice can melt extremely fast, engulfing many of the world’s densely populated areas. However, the Earth’s rotation is actually slowing down thanks to the Moon, because each year the Moon absorbs some of the energy from the Earth and then goes a little further. The rotation speed of the Earth is estimated to decrease by about 1.4 milliseconds over the last 100 years. From there, it will take about 50,000 years for Earth to last more than a second. In order for the speed of the Earth to skyrocket, the Earth will have to be hit by an object large enough to cause many other consequences, such as destroying the crust and creating a large earthquake that easily kills us all. Breathe for the present, our planet is spinning at a suitable speed!